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Gustav Heinemann (1969 - 1974)

Hilda und Gustav Heinemann 17 May 2011 © BPA

DateBiography
1899Born on 23 July in Schwelm (Westphalia)
1909-1917Attended secondary school in Essen
1917-1918Served as a soldier
1919-1923Read law, economics and history in Münster, Marburg, Munich, Göttingen and Berlin. Was an active member of the student groups of the Deutsche Demokratische Partei (German Democratic Party)
1920Briefly interned by supporters of Kapp (Kapp Putsch)
1921Completed a doctorate in politics in Marburg
1922Passed first state law examination
1926Practised law in Essen
1929Completed a doctorate in law in Münster
1928-1936Practised law and was a legal adviser and authorised officer at the Rheinische Stahlwerke (Rhenish Steel Works) in Essen
1936-1949Member of the board of directors of the Rheinische Stahlwerke Essen
1930Joined the Christlich-Sozialer Volksdienst (conservative Protestant party)
1923-1939Lecturer in civil and commercial law at the University of Cologne
from 1933Member of the Confessing Church. Participated in its synods, including the Barmer Synod held in May 1934 ("Barmer Declaration"). Participated in the production and distribution of pamphlets of the Confessing Church
1936-1950Chairman of the YMCA in Essen
1936Invitation to join the board of directors of the Rheinisch-Westfälische Kohlensyndikat (Rhenish-Westphalian Coal Syndicate) was withdrawn due to Heinemann's refusal to end involvement with the Confessing Church
1945-1967Member of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany constituted in Treysa
1945"Stuttgart Declaration" of the Council of the Evangelical Church in Germany
1945-1962Leading member of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland
1946-1949Mayor of Essen
1947-1950Member of the parliament of Land North-Rhine/Westphalia
1947-1948Minister of Justice of Land North-Rhine/Westphalia
1948Assembly of the World Council of Churches in Amsterdam
1948-1961Member of the Commission of the Churches on International Affairs of the World Council of Churches
1948President of the constituent assembly of the churches in Eisenach (founding of the Evangelical Church in Germany)
1949-1955Head of the Synod of the Evangelical Church in Germany
1949Involved in the constitution of the Deutsche Evangelische Kirchentag (German Protestant Convention)
1949Minister of the Interior of the first Federal Government under Konrad Adenauer
1950Stepped down as Minister of the Interior for political reasons
1951Founding of the Notgemeinschaft für den Frieden Europas (emergency association for peace in Europe)
1952Resigned from the CDU
1952Co-founded the All-German People's Party (Gesamtdeutsche Volkspartei)
1954Visited the Soviet Union at the invitation of the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church
1954Assembly of the World Council of Churches in Evanston
1957Dissolution of the All-German People's Party - joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)
1957Member of the German Bundestag
1958Member of the SPD Federal Executive Committee
1961Assembly of the World Council of Churches in New Delhi
1966-March 1969Federal Minister of Justice in the Kiesinger/Brandt Government
1969-1974Federal President
1976Gustav Heinemann died on 7 July

Gustav Heinemann was Protestant. He married Hilda Ordemann from Bremen in 1926. They had four children.